What is Fire and Gas System

Table of contents: Introduction I. Gas Detectors 1. Flammable Gas Detectors a. Catalytic (Pellistor) Gas Detectors b. Infrared Gas Detectors c. Open Path (Line of Sight) Gas Detectors 2. Toxic Gas Detectors a. Electro-chemical cell type b. Semi-conductor (MOS) type II. Fire Detectors 1. Smoke Detectors a. Ionisation Smoke Detector b. Photoelectric (Optical) Smoke Detector 2. Heat Detectors: a. Fixed ...

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Loads on Piping System

Stress analysis and safe design normally require appreciation of several related concepts. An approximate list of the steps that would be involved is as follows: Identify potential loads that would come on to the pipe or piping system during its entire life. Relate each one of these loads to the stresses and strains that would be developed in the crystals/grains ...

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Checklist for Nozzle Orientation

Further to my post related to requirements for preparation and issue of nozzle orientation, here is a checklist for the nozzle orientation. Project Name:   Job No:   Equipment type: HORIZONTAL/ VERTICAL Equipment Tag No.:   SL NO. DESCRIPTION Check Points   Common for Horizontal or Vertical Vessel 1 Vessel modelling is completed and nozzle orientation is extracted from model ...

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Guide to Level Instruments Principles & Application

Level monitoring and control is a fundamental requirement in any process plant. You will find level instrumentation installed at even the simplest treatment plants for pump control, chemical storage tanks and process level controls or alarms. Though the P&IDs or other documents provided as part of the FEED or during detail engineering generally indicate the type of instruments still it ...

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PDMS: Example of Mirror Copy Function

Here is an example of Mirror Copy function in PDMS: The Equipment V-1001/A currently has one elbowed nozzle N2 at a distance of 1150mm west from the center of the equipment. One new elbowed nozzle N4 of same size and specification is to be added 1150mm east from the centerline of the equipment. Since the new nozzle is of the ...

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PDMS Piping: How to Generate an Equipment Report

There are many utilities available in PDMS, out of which one of the utility is Equipment Report. The Equipment Report utility is used for generating equipment reports using the equipment element & their attributes stored. This report can be extracted in Excel for review and records. I will explain how to generate the equipment reports using Equipment Report Utility in ...

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PDMS- Example for New Equipment Creation using Copy Offset Function

In this post, I will explain new equipment creation using copy offset function in PDMS. The Equipment Layout shows there are three vessels V-1001/A, B&Cwith center to center distance 2500mm. Since all the three equipment are identical in dimensions and orientation, we can first model one equipment V-1001/A and then copy this using copy offset for creating the other two ...

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PDMS – Example of Stretch/Trim using ID P-Point

In the previous post we saw how Stretch/Trim Functions in PDMS Equipment Modelling works in PDMS. Here is an example of Stretch/Trim using ID P-Point- The present saddle height of the equipment from the centerline of the vessel is 1300mm. The saddle height is increased to 1500mm. So the saddle height needs to be increased by 200mm. Step 1: Check ...

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Stretch/Trim Functions in PDMS Equipment Modelling

Stretch/Trim Functions in PDMS Equipment Modelling One of the important activities of the PDMS designer is to keep the Equipment updated as per the latest revision of the Equipment drawing. There are many instances in which the dimensions of the equipment get revised & the equipment modelled in PDMS has to be updated as per these changes. The model can ...

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