Air Cooled Heat Exchanger

1.0 Introduction to Air Cooled Heat Exchanger This kind of heat exchanger are used in petrochemical and refineries to utilize the atmospheric air to cool the hydrocarbon, process and utility fluids by means of indirect heat transfer from fluid (within the tube) to be cooled by air being circulated by means of forces / induced draft fan. In order to increase ...

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Cooling Tower: Heat Transfer Equipment in Process Industry

1.0 Introduction to Cooling Tower: Cooling Tower is the most common equipment/ facility in any Refinery, Petrochemical and Petroleum plants. Cooling towers are heat exchangers that are used to dissipate large heat loads to the atmosphere generated in the Process Plants. This design guide provides the guidelines for the designing of the equipment layout and piping arrangement for Cooling Towers. 2.0 Types ...

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Column Piping: Study Layout, Nozzle Orientation & Platforms Requirements

1.0 Sequence of Column Piping Study 1.1  All available information / data from Equipment specification and P&ID shall be written on the elevation view of the column as illustrated in Fig.1, 2 & 3. 1.2  The designer now starts thinking about the proper orientation of nozzles and provisions for access to the points of operation and maintenance. 1.3  Considerations of the ...

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Distillation Column Piping: Absorption Stripping, Fractionation

1.0  Introduction to Column Piping Study for the column piping should start after complete understanding of the following document: a)     Technical specification of the column b)    P&ID c)     Unit Plot Plan d)    Basic Engineering document highlighting the specific process requirement, platform requirement and guidelines for the general arrangement of piping around the column. e)     Details of internal arrangements e.g. for ...

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Thermal Insulation: Types, System and Standards

1. Thermal Insulation Types: Based on the functional requirements, the Insulation Material is classified into 2 types as below Hot Insulation: Insulation used on hot surfaces for the purposes of Heat Conservation or for the purpose of Personal Protection. Following material are typically used as Hot Insulating Material Material Temperature Thermal Conductivity (mW/ Cm O C) Admissible Range (O C) ...

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Thermal Insulation

1. Introduction: Heat Transfer is one of the most common unit operations in Process Industry. In an ideal situation one would want to achieve heat balance between the Source and Sink without any loss of heat energy to the atmosphere. Unfortunately the above cannot be achieved in absolute terms, even though an attempt can be made to control the Heat ...

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Offshore Structural Design

An offshore structure is generally used to accommodate all the equipment & facilities required for the oil & gas production from the seabed. The offshore structure has to be designed for different loads which it has to see during its design life. In addition since the offshore structure is installed in a marine environment it has be design for the ...

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Site Selection for a Plant / Project – Factors Considered

1. Introduction to Plant Site Selection Site selection for a plant, keeping in view the various corporate objectives of the Company requires careful considerations of the numerous factors that would go into making the plant contribute towards its working environment and make it into a technologically and economically viable unit. Decisions are strategic, long-term and non repetitive in nature. A ...

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Guidelines for The Preparation of Strainer Specification- Part 2

<< Part 1 6. Material of construction of Strainer and Strainer element The material of construction of the strainer and strainer element must be keeping in view compatibility with the process fluid being handled. As a general rule MOC of strainer body is specified in line with relevant piping material spec code and the element material is specified at least ...

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